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Internet Of Things

With the advent of the internet, many physical devices have been controlled remotely. Many physical devices can now be connected to each other via the internet which enables the collecting and sharing of data. With the easy availability and accessibility of the internet and it being cheaper, anything from a pen to an aeroplane can be connected to IOT. Devices have become more digitally intelligent, which enables them to communicate with each other without any human intervention to carry out their functions.

IoT, is mainly used on devices that aren’t usually expected to have internet connection and can communicate with the network independently of human action. With IOT platform, it enables devices/objects to observe, identify and understand a situation or its surroundings without being dependent on any kind of human help. It can connect devices embedded in various systems to the internet. When devices can represent themselves digitally, they can be controlled from anywhere in the world. The connectivity then helps us gather more information from more places, ensuring more ways of increasing efficiency and improving safety and IOT security.

IOT can help businesses across different sectors such as oil & gas, insurance, manufacturing, transportation, infrastructure and retail through security and analytics. IOT platforms can help organisations reduce cost through improved process efficiency, asset utilisation and productivity. With improved tracking of devices/objects using sensors and connectivity, they can benefit from real-time insights and analytics, that would help them make smarter decisions. The growth and convergence of data, processes and things on the internet would make such connections more relevant and important, creating more opportunities for individuals, businesses and industries.

In the product development process – such as IOT solutions, prototypes are required.
In order to evaluate the product, 3D printers can be used to create prototypes for this purpose. 3D printing technologies enable us to print models in various scales, materials, and colours. Those technologies assist in conceptual or functional prototype development. The variety of additive manufacturing technologies can assist when many testing iterations are needed. Using these technologies adds value and saves both costs and time. The combination of IOT and additive manufacturing can be helpful in the future. Many IOT innovations start from proof of concept. This step is needed to execute a prototype which will be very professional and accurate but also cheap and fast to manufacture. These requirements, which many consider to be expensive, are important in order to test our needs and implement the test results at the next stage. As you have probably understood, using 3D printing can reduce marketing time. Integration of 3D printing in IOT product development is almost vital in order to achieve progress. Moreover, it’s not as expensive in comparison to traditional manufacturing.

The use of digital manufacturing assists us in turning the digital model into reality. 3D printing enables us to design limitless complex geometries. We can fabricate prototypes and short series productions. These advantages enable us to create many solutions in Automotive, Medical, Aerospace, Consumer, and many other products. Printed circuit boards in complex geometry packed with specific aerodynamic mechanical packages will become commonplace and will be used for developing unique sensors for extreme needs.

The IOT involves a constantly growing number of sensors and devices to gather data about human behaviour and interaction and use it to predict future behaviour. By placing sensors to collect and analyse manufacturing information to detect production problems in real time, the technology can identify factors such as temperature and structural integrity that improves the quality of output. GE aviation is using 3D printing and IoT technology to improve its business productivity. Among the most disruptive technologies of the future is 3D printing and IOT, estimating wireless connected devices will cross 40.9 billion by 2020.
In the next few years we could also see rapid advancements in metal 3D printing to produce a wider range of finished products. The speed of printers could also increase. With the advanced application of 3D printers with IoT combination businesses are calling it a revolution called Industry 4.0.

IoT application can be classified in to two broad categories- Industrial and consumer. The industrial categories cover Industrial and retail automation which largely contributes to the development of smart cities. The consumer category comprises of personal interest and covers smart lifestyle, home, health & fitness automation. Likewise, enterprises and consumers using IOT solutions will be complementing the IOT growth in our country.
From the logistics industry to the IT industry, IOT will have a crucial role to play in the development of these sectors. Adoption of IOT will help businesses in saving costs at greater margins. This will also lead to an exponential drop in the expenses of manufacturing, administration, and selling of goods. All these factors contribute to an IOT enabled supply chain. This will bring out more opportunities for retailers and wholesale giants to have simplified business operations.
IOT holds a great potential for transitioning the entire consumer segment. There will be an improved lifestyle, smart home appliances and devices for consumer use in the coming years. IOT in the consumer sector will be holding a tendency in offering more personalised experiences to customers in the retail and shopping segment. Comprehensive home security, smart healthcare devices, smart wearables and applications for tracking devices and people will steer the adoption of IOT in consumer as well as industrial sector.

3D printing technology is being explored in various applications. Over the past few years it’s usage has grown at an alarming rate. Scientist in Space research centers are finding application of this cutting edge technology in Space. If scientist could print stuffs in space it could revolutionize space exploration.

There are two different benefits and two different applications of 3D printing in space.
3D printing inside of the station and outside of the station. Inside of the station it will be helpful in daily life of scientist while orbiting the space. For example, when something is broken and they want to replace a part, it can be very expensive and time consuming to send it to space rather it would be much efficient to print it in space. Regarding additice technology outside station, it would simplify logistics. A 3D printer working in orbit would allow to create satellite structures. New satellite could be built directly in space.
Currently used PLA and PVA material are not compatible with the space atmosphere. Space scientist are using new types of plastics made of polyetherimide/polycarbonate, known as PEI/PC. It is actually several times stronger than the traditional plastic printed inside of the International Space Station.Polyetherimide and polycarbonate are two different thermoplastics, mostly used in engineering.These are very resistant plastics and they are easy to model, which is particularly good for 3D printing, to create the shapes that you need with a great precision. Also, these materials have a great thermostability and a good resilience, perfect to experience the space conditions. On May 26, 2017, a rocket which was launched from from New Zealand was powered by a 3D printed rocket engine.

Mars pioneers could 3D print a human colony on Mars. A team of scientist is developing a plan to use 3D printing to build locally made houses and food on the Martian surface. These resources would support the lives of people leaving the confines of Earth for the Red Planet. Once constraint is availability of raw materials. The only resource available is dust. The Martian dust is made up of rounder, less irregular particles.The team developed a process that combines simulated lunar and Martian dust with solvents and a biopolymer to create these extraterrestrial inks. The inks were then 3D printed into different shapes using an extruder. In the end, the objects — which were composed of about 90 percent dust — were tough and flexible, and could withstand the rolling, cutting and folding needed to print almost any 3D shape,

With new researches and development across the world, more people will be aware of this technology which in near future may even help in replacing traditional manufacturing machines and methods.

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