So you’ve decided you want to build you own 3D printer because you saw a cool motivational video on youtube and decided that if you can build a desktop by yourself, why not a 3D printer?
Well, there’s loads of reasons. For starters, it’s not easy.
Desktops have been around since the 1970s and are now a daily staple in most homes and educational institutions. 3D printers? Not by a long shot.
Sure, you don’t necessarily need an engineering degree to build and operate a 3D printer but it would most definitely help. Regardless of how technically aware and well prepared you are with no formal training or guidance, it would be difficult if not impossible to make one. In order to decide whether you’d like to build or buy a 3D printer, you’d have to compare the advantages and disadvantages of the two.
Building a 3D printer requires persistence, accuracy, safety when managing radiators and air cooling, and someone with experience that can help you if things take a wrong turn. This is in the context of both, finding and building the parts yourself or using a builder kit.
An advantage of building your own 3D printer would be a flexibility in the size of your print bed. You won’t be bound by the constraints set by 3D printer manufacturers.The print bed is extremely important in this context and a smart idea would be to go for a heated bed that would allow you to work with a variety of materials. Unless you’re only going to be experimenting with PLA material, a heated print bed is a basic necessity.
It’s super easy to upgrade and buy higher grade materials when you want to if you and the standard low cost replacement are cheaper as well. You’re not locked into a singular manufacturers 3D slicer software or filament holder either.
Extruder: An extruder for the most part comprises of a stepper motor and knobbled gear that cinches and pulls filament through the system. Basically this is the system that pushes filament through the hotend, yet regardless of the straightforwardness of its capacity there’s furious discussion over what type is considered ideal.
Power Supply: Your 3D printer’s power supply is fundamental, and numerous individuals simply utilise one stripped out of their old computer. Normally 12v and 24V are the common values for home 3D printers and these voltages are catered for by the larger majority of components.
Utilizing 12V is great for machines that will just print filaments with lower melting points, for example, 1.75mm PLA, though in the event that you need to utilize 2.85mm ABS, you’ll find that a 24V system will be unquestionably more innapropriate.
Control: This forms the brain of the printer and enables you to realize your models created in Blender or your choice of 3D application. There’s a decent range of boards to browse and the majority of these depend on Arduino and will vary in complexity.
Build platform: The build platform is a fundamental part of the build and can actually be as basic as a sheet of glass. However, there are several properties to consider: If you are thinking about printing just PLA then a sheet of glass will carry out the responsibility splendidly, just use a bit of builders masking tape or print stick on the surface to make a decent area of adhesion of the plastic to the surface. A flexible spring bed is also beneficial as it would be super easy to detach your prints from the print plate.
In case, you need to print ABS or some other filament type, however, then a heated bed is a fundamental choice to help abstain from distorting and to better help the model adhere to the surface.
Materials and Filaments: When it comes to material, there’ll be certain prerequisites, PLA likewise turns out to be progressively fluid when melted in contrast to other different materials, which implies that quick cooling once it has been extricated is basic.
So in the event that you choose to utilize PLA, you’ll need to have powerful beside the print head.
PLA is a stronger and more rigid than ABS but its lower softening point makes it unsuitable for use in any situation where the print is likely to get hot, and is known to deform if left in direct daylight.
Even under the same manufacturer there are distinctive grades of filaments that are being coursed, one cannot be certain of which one to pick for consistent outcomes, in that case working with a branded machine and certified filaments will just seem the most apt.
The right bearings: Smooth movement is fundamental to the precision of your printer, and keeping in mind that there is commonly a negligible margin of error, the majority of issues that you will have with your 3D print build will be down to the mechanics.
One of the least complex upgrades is to swap out the linear ball bearings for polymer, despite the fact that they probably won’t feel as smooth when moved by hand, under load and steady use they give increasingly predictable friction control.
Hotends: A quality hotend will have an immense effect to the print capabilities of your machine and should come in several parts. The primary segment is the all metal hotend and it’s a smart idea to look for one with external heat sinks and which accompanies all the electronics including the thermistor.
It’s also essential that the hotend you pick can swap nozzles. The standard nozzles ranges from makers run from 0.25 to 0.8. The standard size for the majority of printers is 0.4mm. When you’re choosing the hotend ensure that you get the right voltage either 12 or 24V and select one that is perfect with your feed type, which will be either direct drive or Bowden, however many hotends are currently all inclusive.
You can’t use the same hotend for different kinds of materials, like materials made out of carbon fibre eat into normal bronze tip hot ends and would require stainless steel.
Accessories: Accessories are super important as well. A lot of filaments are super susceptible to moisture and your final print can get heavily warped. A solution for this would be to store all your filaments in a tight moisture locked container and ensure it doesn’t get exposed to the elements.
Keeping all this in mind it would ultimately be your decision on whether or not you want to build or assembled a printer or just buy one. If cost is a major issue, it would be wiser to simply go for an online 3D printing service like Fractory or 3D Hubs. There are a lot of cheaper printers available on the market as well, however the quality of the prints might not be up to your standards.